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Sikhs celebrate founder Guru Nanak s 550th birth anniversary

It is one of the biggest birthday celebrations in the world: millions of Sikhs will today mark the 550th birth anniversary of Guru Nanak, the founder of their religion. In pictures: Pakistan welcomes scores of Sikh pilgrims to Gurdwara Darbar Sahib in landmark ceremony The annual celebration has been given extra significance this year with the opening of the Kartarpur Corridor, a secure, visa-free passage between India and Pakistan that gives Indian Sikhs access to the place where the guru breathed his last in 1539, now one of the religion s holiest sites. What is Sikhism? Sikhism is a monotheistic religion born in the 15th-century in Punjab — meaning the land of five rivers, a region spanning parts of what is now India and Pakistan. Five and a half centuries later, Sikhs number up to 30 million worldwide, with a rich diaspora in places such as Canada, the US and Europe — although the vast majority remain in India. The Golden Temple is seen illuminated as Sikh devotees arrive on the eve of the 550th birth anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev, the first Sikh Guru and founder of Sikh faith, in Amritsar, India on November 11. — Reuters Once rulers of the Punjab, they were considered a martial race by the British colonisers. Men, in particular, are instantly recognisable by their colourful turbans, used to cover their hair, which they must leave uncut. That is one of the five articles of their faith they must carry all the time, known as the Five Ks: the Kesh (uncut hair), Kara (a steel bracelet), Kanga (a wooden comb), Kaccha (cotton underwear), and Kirpan (a curved dagger). A Nihang, Sikh man who belongs to the armed Sikh order, rides his horse as he participates in Nagar Kirtan (religious procession) on the eve of the 550th birth anniversary of Sikhism founder Guru Nanak Dev in New Delhi on November 11. — AFP Sikhs worship God, known to them as Waheguru, or wonderful teacher , inside gurdwaras, or doorways to God . The word Sikh means the seeker , or the learner . Male Sikhs bear the name Singh , which means while women go by Kaur , or princess. Who was Guru Nanak? Youth Sikh devotees demonstrate their Gatka traditional martial art skills during a Nagar Kirtan (holy procession) on the eve of the 550th birth anniversary of Sikhism founder Sri Guru Nanak Dev, at the Golden Temple in Amritsar on November 11. — AFP Guru Nanak was born in 1469 to a Hindu family at Nankana Sahib, a city about 80 kilometres (50 miles) from Lahore. Some legends say there were signs of divinity around him from the start, such as the time a cobra was found rearing over his head — not to attack him, but to shade him from the sun as he napped. As he grew older the Guru began travelling, preaching a faith based on equality and one God. He died in 1539 in Kartarpur, where his remains are buried. Pakistani Sikh devotees take part in celebrations of the 550th birth anniversary of Sikhism s founder, Guru Nanak Dev at a Sikh temple in Karachi on Monday. — AP Nine gurus followed Guru Nanak and there is no living human successor, but the Guru Granth Sahib — the Sikh holy book — is considered the 11th and eternal. What happens on his birthday? Sikhs around the world, but especially on the subcontinent, will come together to sing, pray, eat and hold sprawling processions to different gurdwaras. Youth Sikh devotees demonstrate their Gatka traditional martial art skills during a Nagar Kirtan (holy procession) on the eve of the 550th birth anniversary of Sikhism founder Sri Guru Nanak Dev, at the Golden Temple in Amritsar on November 11. — AFP Some of the biggest celebrations will be the site of their one of their holiest shrines, the Golden Temple in Amritsar, India. Sikh students pay respect during a Nagar Kirtan (holy procession) on the eve of the 550th birth anniversary of Sikhism founder Guru Nanak Dev in Amritsar on November 11. — AFP In Pakistan, thousands of Sikhs are expected to mark the occasion at Nankana Sahib and Kartarpur. Why is this year special? Apart from it being the 550th anniversary, this year also saw the opening of the Kartarpur Corridor — a secure land link allowing Indian Sikhs to visit the gurdwara in the Pakistani town where the Guru died. Sitting places with pillows are set out for Sikh pilgrims to attend a ceremomy for the inauguration of the Shrine of Baba Guru Nanak Dev at Gurdwara Darbar Sahib in Kartarpur, Pakistan, on Saturday. — AFP The gurdwara at Kartarpur is so close to the India-Pakistan frontier that its white dome and four cupolas can be seen from across the border. Prime Minister Imran Khan addresses during the inauguration ceremony of Gurdwara Darbar Sahib in Kartarpur, Pakistan, on Saturday. — AP On Saturday, Prime Minister Imran Khan formally inaugurated the Kartarpur Corridor at a colourful ceremony. I congratulate the Sikh community on the 550th birth anniversary of Baba Guru Nanak and welcome you all, the premier had said at the start of his address on the colourful occasion, which was marked by festivities as hundreds of Sikhs from India got their first chance to access the revered site.


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