How has Islamophobia changed over the past 20 years?
Video     Photos     Pakistan     World     Islam     Health     Crime     Islamic News     Business     Society     India     Travel     Middle East     Sport     sci/tech      Contact      RSS
Search

Pak-origin Mehreen Faruqi becomes Australia's first female Muslim senator

Pervaiz Elahi elected Punjab Assembly speaker

PTI plans to implement MTI Act across country

Imran Khan: Pakistan’s Jack Kennedy

Not allowed to offer prayer in mosque: Nawaz

Khan's chrisma: Modi softens rhetoric, calls for embracing Kashmiris

Radioactive sheep said to prove Israel illegally tested nuclear weapons

Saudi authorities arrest Sheikh Nasser Al-Omar in Mecca

48 killed in bomb explosion in Shia neighborhood of Afghan capital

Challenges in revamping the education system

Pakistan thrashed 3-0 by Vietnam on international return

Lira crisis and ‘collateral currency damage’ to other countries

PTI's Asad Qaiser sworn in as NA speaker amid opposition ruckus

In partnership of Russia, China and Pakistan, India can be the biggest loser: Global Times

Third Saudi contact with Imran in a week : Is Saudia afraid of Pakistan's tilt towards Iran?

Tightening the noose: Would Zardari meet the same fate of Nawaz Sharif?

Anti-terror financing compliance review of Pakistan to conclude tomorrow

Saudi dissident preacher dies ‘after torture’ in regime prison: Report

Russian foreign minister says dollar's days numbered as global currency

US and Taliban again bypass Pakistan for their talks in Doha

Pakistan's Imran Khan voices support for Erdogan, people of Turkey

Imran borrows waistcoat from NA employee for card picture

Pakistan-Iran relations may be strengthened thru film industry cooperation

What does the future hold for Muslim Uighurs of China?

Suspense over the name of CM Punjab continues

Iran to celebrate Pakistan's independence day for 10 days : Supreme Leader

Pakistan celebrates 71st Independence Day

Coordinated’ Pakistan ready for Asian Games challenge

Cajoling Khan: 'Will always be at forefront to help Pakistan', king Salman tells Imran

'No war, no negotiations with the US,' says Iran's supreme leader

Pieces of US-made bomb found at site of Saudi raid on Yemeni school bus: Report

German minister: US cannot tell us with whom we can do business

US further sidelines Pakistan in Afghanistan peace efforts

Yemen war challenges Saudi moral authority

The inside story of Imran's meeting with Atif Khan, KP CM-designate

How will the PML-N cope with life on the opposition benches?

329 MNAs take oath as 15th National Assembly is born

Announcement of federal cabinet delayed again as talks between Bushra Maneka, matka remain inconclusive

Zilhaj moon sighted, Eidul Azha on August 22

EU calls on Saudis to clarify women rights activists' detentions

Pakistanis shocked over Foreign Office uncalled for support to Saudi Kingdom against Canada

Why Takht-e-Lahore fell

Would PTI frame a Russia focused foreign policy?

An overt message to US : Pakistan's Military officers to get training in Russia

What should be new govt’s priorities in Middle East?

PTI 'Chaiwala' MNA-elect turns out to be millionaire

US senators 'concerned' over possible IMF loan to Pakistan

Iran slams US for 'bullying' Turkey

Israeli minister urges assassination of Hamas leaders

Turkey’s lira crisis: How bad can it get?

‘Sharif in no mood to mend fences’

Saudi Arabia and Iran woo incoming Pakistani prime minister

Sit-in by Muslims against Chinese govt’s plan to demolish mosque

In comes Imran: can a bowler bat?

US cuts military training programmes with Pakistan as Trump cracks down

Shahzaib Hasan’s ban extended to four years

HEC Suspends 400+ MPhil and PhD Programs in Pakistan

Maulana Fazlur Rehman’s address causes outrage in Pakistan

Who controlled RTS, how it collapsed and who benefitted?

FM: Iran wants to restore relations with Saudi Arabia, UAE, Bahrain

Pakistan to pursue economic ties with Iran despite US sanctions

Afghan-trained high profile terrorist commander involved in school attacks

UAE aircraft took part in Israeli air raids on Gaza, journalist claims

Is Mehmood Khan’s nomination as CM a first sign of Imran’s compromise?

Cosying up Imran Khan: Saudi-backed IsDB ready to help Imran-led govt with $4 billion loan

Pakistan sides with Saudi Arabia in diplomatic spat with Canada

Serious war crimes: Saudi-led air strike on bus kills 50 including 29 children

Partition could have been averted by making Jinnah the PM of undivided India: Dalai Lama

PTI's Sonia Ali loses Punjab Assembly seat to PML-N candidate by 17 votes in PP-123 recount

Pakistani student bagged Bronze medal at International Chemistry Olympiad

Pakistan rejects US statement against CPEC and China

Video exposed Sex relations between Saudi Royal family and Israeli officers

Daesh remains key concern in Russian security dialogue with Pakistan

US courts India while ditches Pakistan

Multiple diplomatic spats raise questions about Saudi concept of sovereignty

Punjab CM: Imran keeping cards close to his chest

Yemeni forces target Saudi Arabia's Jizan Industrial City with ballistic missile

Israeli minister says Iran should 'disappear' from world

2 girls school set on fire in Pishin district

Biggest tragedy regarding Hepatitis

Khalistan 2020: UK rejects Indian demand to ban Sikh demonstration

Imran conditionally allowed to take oath

Is Gilgit-Baltistan becoming next headquarters of Terrorist outfits?

Pakistanis hide Rs43 trillion assets abroad

Second edition of T10 League gets ICC’s approval

NATO probes airstrike killing 15 Afghan police officers in Logar

Malaysian govt. shuts down Saudi-backed anti-terrorism center

No objection to Iran-Pakistan gas project: EU

Time to resuscitate the civil services in Pakistan

Tightening noose: Is Adiala ready to receive Zardari and Faryal Talpur?

“I was not in Israel”, Jemima Goldsmith to Ghinwa Bhutto

Saudi Arabia to relocate students from Canada after cutting ties

Hamas: ‘We will break the siege once and for all’

Pakistan will be going to the IMF for the 13th time. Will PTI’s Asad Umar fare better than past ministers?

China’s military role in Syria, step forward in fighting terror

Canada refuses to back down from its human rights stance in spat with Saudi Arabia

Indian hands in Kalabagh dam: Says minister

Imran refuses VVIP protocol, wants just four vehicles for security

HEC abandons previous degree condition for attestation

Zardari and Talpur in a fix: FIA requests formation of high-power JIT in money laundering case

2017-11-19 15:28:43

How has Islamophobia changed over the past 20 years?

 

 

Anti-Muslim hatred has become more pervasive and entrenched in the UK, compared with 20 years ago, according to a report by the think tank that catapulted the term “Islamophobia” in 1997.

Runnymede Trust’s latest survey, released on Tuesday, came two decades after the group first launched a groundbreaking report highlighting racism faced by British Muslims.

“Over the past two decades awareness of Islamophobia has increased, whether in terms of discrimination against Muslims, or in terms of public and policy discussion of it,” the report said.

“It is good that British Muslims increasingly challenge Islamophobia. However, to challenge and end Islamophobia and all forms of racism effectively, we all need to confront and condemn it where we see it, and commit to raising awareness in others of its wider effects.”

Muslims or ethnic minorities and the government should not be the only parties responsible in tackling Islamophobia. Employers, neighbours, teachers and fellow citizens should also raise awareness in cracking down on racism “wherever and however it appears”, the report said.

Published in 1997, Runnymede’s report “Islamophobia: A Challenge for Us All” shed light on the considerable growth in anti-Muslim prejudice and the profound impact it had on the lives of British Muslims, identifying and catapulting the relatively unknown term and issue of “Islamophobia” into public consciousness.

How to define Islamophobia

Twenty years on, Britain is part of a post-9/11 and 7/7 world grappling with the rise of armed groups such as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as ISIS) and insecurity at home.

Whenever attackers are discovered to be of Muslim background, the entire community often faces collective punishment.

Tuesday’s report criticised the government’s ambiguous definition of the term Islamophobia, stating that while it still retained some purchase being widely used amongst politicians and the public, it was poorly understood, detracting from the multifaceted nature of contemporary anti-Islam sentiment as well as the lived experiences of individuals and communities.

The term “anti-Muslim racism” was proposed instead, as it was more encompassing of the tangible impact of Islamophobia.

Farah Elahi, a research and policy analyst at Runnymede Trust said Islamophobia had now manifested structurally in policy.

“There is a completely different policy focus on Muslim communities than there was in 1997. A big part of that is around counter-terrorism strategies, but also wider than that, looking at the integration strategy,” said Elahi.

“Both policy and the media have framed Muslims within a counter-terrorism deviant perspective, filtering into people’s understanding of the Muslim community and the way in which they’re perceived.”

‘Muslim penalty’

Elahi added that the proliferation of Islamophobia had stretched beyond influencing policy, leading to a “Muslim penalty” which permeated into social, political, economic and cultural institutions.

“We have an understanding of how Islamophobia impacts hate crime, but when somebody applies for a job and they get an interview, those stereotypes can remain in an employee’s mind, even when they go to the doctors, when they go to school,” she said.

“One of the things we wanted to show in the report is that all these things are interlinked. Policy focus and media representation which frame Muslims in a particular way feeds particular stereotypes about Muslims. They all feed off each other and the effects manifest in larger labour market penalties, larger mental health impact, and penalties in the criminal justice system.”

These factors have restructured the social and political landscape for British Muslims, who are characterised by a range of stereotypes that demarcate them as the “other”, a characterisation which has seen anti-Muslim hate crime in the last year rocket.

Baroness Sayeeda Warsi, the only Muslim woman to be a cabinet member, said Islamophobia had become the “blind-spot of Britain”, and that it was now a more “respectable” form of bigotry.

In the foreword to the report, she writes: “In 2011, I said that Islamophobia had passed the dinner-table test. I was speaking about those who display their bigotry overtly, but also those who do so more subtly in the most respectable of settings – middle-class dinner tables. It is this more covert form of Islamophobia, couched in the intellectual arguments espoused by think tanks, commentators and even politicians that I have spent the last decade trying to reason with.”

Warsi said she was concerned by the institutionalisation on Islamophobia in some sections of the media over the last decade, calling for a parliamentary investigation into Islamophobia within the British press at the launch of the report.

“Of all the challenges to a cohesive Britain at ease with its Muslims, the hostile press environment is the most worrying. The daily poisoning of the discourse around British Muslims has intensified, and shapes our collective understanding of the challenges we face. It informs dialogue across the country, from parliament to the local pub.”

She also called for an investigation into her own Conservative party, citing an anti-Muslim campaign launched by Conservative candidate Zac Goldsmith against the London Mayor Sadiq Khan during the mayoral election in 2016.

Categories:   Society ،
Tags:   UK ، Islamophobia ،
From other agencies (RSS Reader)