Pakistan’s war crimes: Myth of 3 million killed, 200,000 raped in 1971
Video     Photos     Pakistan     World     Islam     Health     Crime     Islamic News     Business     Society     India     Travel     Middle East     Sport     sci/tech      Contact      RSS
Search

Egypt’s Sisi urges Palestinians to unite, co-exist with Israelis

UAE and Saudi Arabia to normalize their secret relations with Israel

Dodging accountability courts: Did establishment give a safe passage to Nawaz Sharif?

Netanyahu Says Trump Promised to ‘Fix’ Iran Deal

Free Balochistan: An insider to heavily funded Indian campaign against Pakistan

95,000 patients waiting for unknown fate from the continued closure of Sanaa airport

Brutal lynching: Can Pakistan courts provide Justice to Mashal Khan?

Hamza bin Laden: the heir to al Qaeda?

Why has a UK team genetically edited human embryos?

How Russia came to Pakistan’s help?

Defying Courts: What is next for Nawaz Sharif?

Such TV | Rouhani censures Trump’s anti-Iran rhetoric

President Trump calls for a holocaust on the floor of the United Nations

Iran infiltrated US military, obtained proof of ISIS collusion

Saudi plan to ‘accept Israel as a brotherly state’

United States supplying weapons worth $2.2B to Syrian terrorists organization

LUBP | How dishonest “Social Justice Warriors” work to curb the religious freedoms of targeted groups

“Go Nawaz Go” Makes it to Speed Test Server!

UAE ambassador to Ankara threatens Turkey to close down its embassy

Saudi Arabia's king-in-waiting cements grip on power with charm and crackdowns

US paradoxes and Pakistan’s war against terrorism

Free Balochistan: A joint venture of RAW and CIA to burry CPEC

Confidential U.N. report accuses Saudi coalition of killing hundreds of Yemeni kids

Pakistani teenager develops anti-BlueWhale app

UAE’s ambassador to the U.S considers Saudi Arabia responsible for the ruining of the UAE’s good name

Rabbani seeks official response on anti-Pakistan posters in Switzerland

Nawaz Sharif must not appear before NAB court: Maryam

Trump says if threatened, US will 'totally destroy' North Korea

EXCLUSIVE – Interview with Dr. S.M. Kazem Mesbah Mousavi, Imam Ali Centre Canada

More than 800 Shia pilgrims have to stay at Taftan border for a week

Five eminent Shia scholars banned from entering Gilgit under unjust policy of balance

57 accused charge-sheeted in Mashal Khan lynching case

Nisar lashes out at Khaqan Abbasi, Asif for statements on ‘internal matters’

Pakistan team kicks off training, ahead of Sri Lanka series in UAE

Bank of China permitted to start operations in Pakistan

Pakistan protests with Switzerland over ‘Free Balochistan’ posters

Nawaz Sharif, children fail to appear in court; summons reissued

US paradoxes and Pakistan’s war against terrorism

Saudi plan to ‘accept Israel as a brotherly state’

Was NA-120 election rigged?

UAE ambassador to Ankara threatens Turkey to close down its embassy

Saudi Arabia's king-in-waiting cements grip on power with charm and crackdowns

Confidential U.N. report accuses Saudi coalition of killing hundreds of Yemeni kids

Pakistani teenager develops anti-BlueWhale app

US’ Black Hawk Down in Yemen

Outrage in Egypt over Israeli Flag in educational book

Russo-Saudi closeness: What are two sides’ goals?

Arrest warrants: Should Imran Khan present himself before ECP?

Is Establishment pulling NAB’s strings?

How CIA and Raw are funding Pakistani separatists: An Inside story

An old desire: Is Gov trying to place ISI under civilian control?

Certain Western states still back terror groups in Syria: Assad

Iran, Pakistan army chiefs urge Muslim world action to end Rohingya plight

Iraq vice president: Baghdad won't tolerate creation of ‘second Israel’

Myanmar says US official barred from Rohingya conflict zone

Iraq’s Nujaba Movement condemns terrorist attacks in Nasiriyah

Unofficial results show PML-N’s Kulsoom set to win NA-120 by-election

Is China using North Korea to break US's Super power's myth?

US Plan for New Afghan Force Poses Threat to Civilians

UK arms sales benefiting most from Middle East wars

UAE: Saudi Arabia was going to launch military attack on Qatar

US policy shift: Would Pakistan turn into another Iran for US?

Has Trump become a leader of Arab nationalism?

Is Gwadar a toll plaza?

Would a defeat in NA-120 would end PML-N's politics from Punjab?

Rohingyas of Karachi struggle to deal with identity crisis

Guilt of war crimes: Suicide among US war veterans highest in west

Saudi Crown Prince Calls Off Visit to Paris for Fear of Popular Uprising

Iqna | Georgian Muslim Cleric Urges Boycotting Myanmar to End Massacre of Rohingya

Mehr News | ‘Saudi Arabia, Taliban like brothers’

Such TV | JUIF rejects hiring educated imams in KP mosques

Why US is not happy with Deir Ez-Zor’s recapture from ISIS?

The United States and Russia rejected the request of Israel to keep Iran far from the Syrian border

Netanyahu is the Israeli Trump

Paradiagm shift: Pakistan’s big ‘No” to US aid

Did PML-N verbal attacks on Judiciary affected the Panama review appeal?

Saudi Arabia, Sudan banned from Labour party conference

Kulbhoshan Yadav’s case: Why ICJ will not give decision in favor of Pakistan?

Why emergence of Hafiz Saeed linked-MML in Pakistani politics is almost inevitable

UNICEF says 240,000 Rohingya kids in dangerous situation

We will sink Japan and turn US to 'ashes and darkness', says North Korea

Pakistan Still Hasn’t Received Trump’s Demand List

Saudi security: detained preachers are members of spying cell

Russia urges Syria not to retaliate against Israel airstrike

Controversial Saudi Prince detained

Facts hidden by the UAE about its military aircraft crashed in Yemen and the fate of its crew

‘Blue Whale’ taking a bite out of K-P

Who is pressurising NAB to file appeal in Hudaibiya case?

China Backs UN Call for Justice in Yemen; US, Saudis Object to Move

Deepening rift: Would PML-N meet the same fate of MQM?

A dangerous tactics: Why Daesh is targeting IT experts from Pakistan universities?

Ansarullah missiles can reach anywhere in UAE: Houthi

Iran a partner in Syrian victory: Assad's letter to Ayatollah Khamenei

MEHR | Saudi Arabia, Israel paving way for US military presence on China border

LUBP | All Deobandi-Salafi right wings parties are on same Page

Pakistan is Among Bottom 5 Countries for Education & Skills Development

Such News | Pak-China Shaheen-VI joint air exercise underway at China's Korla Air Base

Tasnim | Assad Thanks Ayatollah Khamenei, Iran for Backing Syria in War on Terror

HRW: Israel banks financing settlements

Israel’s war against the United Nations

2017-04-05 01:55:49

Pakistan’s war crimes: Myth of 3 million killed, 200,000 raped in 1971

Bangladeshi women shout slogans as they pay their respects at the memorial for freedom fighters who gave their lives during the nine-month war against Pakistan occupying forces in Dhaka on March 26, 2009. Bangladesh is celebrating the 38th anniversary of its independence amid renewed steps to try war crimes and calls for peaceful progress. AFP PHOTO/Munir uz ZAMAN (Photo credit should read MUNIR UZ ZAMAN/AFP/Getty Images)

Since the creation of Bangladesh it has been propagated that Pakistan Army killed more than 3 million Bengalis and raped 200,000 Bengali women in 1971. Many such myths have been repeated ad nauseam over the years by various Bangladeshi and Indian politicians and functionaries to defame Pakistani armed forces.

 

 

Tracing the origin of the myth of killing of 3 million, it is revealed that the figure first appeared as on Decemer 23, 1971in an editorial piece of Pravda, well known then for anti Pakistan postures of the Kremlin. This “figure”, was endorsed by Mujib in his interview with BBC’s David Frost on January 18, 1972 while he was intoxicated.

 

Here is the first testimony from Serajur Reman, the former deputy head of the BBC Bangla Programme in the UK contesting Mujib’s claim. In a letter to The Guardian on May 24, 2011 he wrote, “On 8th January 1972, I was the first Bangladeshi to meet independent leader Sheikh Mujib-ur-Reman after his release from Pakistan …. I [Serajur Rehman] explained that no accurate figure of the casualties was available but our estimate, based on information from various sources, was that up to “Three lakh” (300,000) died in the conflict.

 

 

To my surprise and horror, he told David Frost later that “three million of my people “were killed by the Pakistanis. Whether he mistranslated “lakh” as “million” or his confused state of mind was responsible, I don’t know, but many Bangladeshis still believe a figure of three million is unrealistic and incredible”.

 

Sayyid Karim, Bangladesh’s first foreign secretary, as reported by David Bergman, a Bangladesh based British Journalist in 2011, wrote, “As for the number of Bengalis killed in the course of the liberation war, the figure of 3 million mentioned by Mujib to David Frost in January 1972, was a gross overstatement. This figure was picked up by him from an article in ‘Pravda’ the organ of the communist party of the Soviet Union”.

 

In order to cherry pick proof for the plucked-out-of-thin-air 3 million figure, Mujib constituted a Commission on January 29, 1972 to locate mass graves or other verifiable evidence. Chowdhary Abdul Mumin in his book Behind the Myth of Three Million, published in 1973, reported that this Commission comprised representatives from the Army, Border Security Force, Rangers, Police and Civil Administration.

 

 

Despite their best efforts, this Commission completely failed to locate any mass graves or other evidence of any kind. The Commission gave a newspaper advertisement offering 1,000 Taka to anyone who comes forward with figures of the dead. Only 38,000 came forward. The Commission then conjured up a figure of a 56,743 deaths. Mujib showed great displeasure at the Commission’s findings and disbanded it, stating, “I have declared three million dead, and your report could not come up with three scores thousands! What report you have prepared? Keep your report to yourself. What I have said once shall prevail”.

 

Western independent sources too solidly rubbish this 3 million figure. The Peace Research Institute in Norway along with Uppsala University of Sweden in their findings in 1972, estimated that about 58,000 people died in 1971. In addition to this, in June 1972, William Durmmond in the LA Times reported that “……. the figure of 3 million deaths is an exaggeration so gross as to be absurd …… no more than 25,000 people died.” On March 1st, 1973, Swedish journalist Ingvar Oja reported in Dagens Nyheter, the largest daily of Stockholm: “The allegation regarding the killing of 3 million people is highly exaggerated, not more than 50,000 people died in East Pakistan”. Sarmila Bose the famous Bengali Indian writer and Research Associate at Oxford University, in her book, Dead Reckoning in 2011, writes “…. the number 3 million appears to be not more than a gigantic rumor”. She estimated that around 50,000 – 100,000 people including Bengalis, Beharis and West Pakistanis may have perished in the conflict in East Pakistan.

 

The repeated claims of 3 million killed and the rape of 200,000 Bengali women were stopped after a tripartite agreement between Pakistan, India and Bangladesh in April 1974. During the regimes of Gen Zia, Gen Husain Mohammad Ershad and later Khaleda Zia, the Bangladesh government was more pragmatic and made friendly overtures to Pakistan. However, the present government of Haseena Wajid of Awami League continues to use this exaggerated lie of 3 million killed to hatemonger if not to evoke the baser emotions of its electorate to cultivate support and also to court favors from India.

 

Even basic arithmetic, which seems to be beyond the grasp of the Bangladeshi establishment, shows the unabashed absurdity of the 3 million killed and 200,000 women raped myths. To illustrate, perhaps at the expense of disgusting my readers, the Army action in East Pakistan started on 26 March and lasted till 16th December, 1971 – a total of 262 days. This implies that about 11,450 Bengalis would need to have been picked-up, killed and buried every day. When compared to the 2nd World War for instance, the 6 million Jews killed by Nazi Germany in 6 years comes to only 2,740 killed every day – markedly less. Both the figures of the daily killings are fantastically preposterous and defy common sense.

 

The other myth regarding 200,000 Bengali Women raped by Pakistani Army in 1971 was also investigated by the above Commission. This time they had offered 3,000 Taka for any informant of rape. Only 2,680 cases came forward. The Commission rounded it to 25,000 victims. This was also not acceptable to Mujib. This estimate 200,000 rapes has also been rejected by an Austrian based academic, Bina D’Casta, who had researched this area and who believes that the number is too high. Further, Tajamul Hussain, Bengali freelance journalist in his book “Bangladesh victim of Black Propaganda Intrigue and Indian Hegemony”, writes that General Manikshaw was seriously felt embarrassed at the figures and thinks that 3 million killed and 200,000 women alleged to have been violated seem fictitious, baseless and far removed from the truth.

 

The fall of East Pakistan was a deeply painful episode for an entire generation of East and West Pakistanis. To channel that pain in the manner that the Awami League in Bangladesh continues to do for courting favors from its powerful neighbor and to keep their electorate emotionally charged, borders on criminality.

 

 

 They really ought to have the sense to see that no other reasonable individual, institution or government (besides India of course) takes their myths seriously. Not even Wikipedia. I feel a degree of confidence that no intelligent Bangladeshis do either. What the Awami League needs to do, is to base their politics on real and meaningful issues that their populace faces – stark poverty, a justice deficit and an institutional corruption of the most nefarious type. Be reasonable PM Hasina Wajid, stop lying to yourself and your people and move on.

 

Dr Junaid Ahmed

 

 

pk.shafaqna.com

Categories:  
Tags:   pakistan ، Bangladesh ، Pakistan Army ،
From other agencies (RSS Reader)

NAB arrests PO

- The News