Is USA's structural power galvanising Pakistan-Russia
Video     Photos     Pakistan     World     Islam     Health     Crime     Islamic News     Business     Society     India     Travel     Middle East     Sport     sci/tech      Contact      RSS
Search

Saudi Arabia invited to become third strategic partner in CPEC: Fawad Chaudhry

Bannon: Saudi, Egypt, UAE prepared to occupy Qatar

Talks again: Positive overtures between Modi and Khan

Shafaqna Exclusive: The deal behind Nawaz Sharif's release

Religious affairs minister discusses treatment of Xinjiang Muslims with Chinese envoy

US envoy says Washington seeks a treaty with Iran

'Saudis gave MKO gold, Rolex watches worth hundreds of millions of dollars'

India outclass Pakistan in one-sided Asia Cup affair

What happens next after IHC orders Nawaz Sharif's release?

Sentences of Nawaz Sharif, Maryam Nawaz, Capt Safdar suspended

CJP takes notice of 10-year-old Amal’s death in Karachi

Is Saudia paying $2bn for Nawaz Sharif's safe passage?

The Man Behind Imran Khan

Video: Who Hussain is and why Shia Muslims mourn for him?

Lives of hundreds of thousands of Yemeni children hang in balance

Why IMF looks unavoidable?

Sarfraz, Rohit promise blockbuster India-Pakistan clash

ICC launches investigation into Myanmar’s crimes against Rohingya Muslims

Afghanistan arrests over two dozen Daesh terrorists ahead of Ashura

Motives behind Saudi largesse: Is Bin Salman wooing Imran Khan with Petr-dollars?

Azadars under attack by terrorists in Ratto Dero Larkana

Sarfraz bats for Indo-Pak series on home soil

Farhan Junejo, close aide of late PPP leader, reportedly arrested in UK

Democrats planning to stop Trump’s military support for Saudi war on Yemen

Can India and Pakistan cooperate on water?

CTD Punjab ‘breaks’ TTP, Hizbul Ahrar network

Pakistan's Imran Khan vows to give citizenship to some Afghans, Bengalis

NATO warships moving closer to Syria shores amid looming US airstrikes: Report

29th Annual Ashura Day Procession in London to be held on Thursday

Number of prisoners of conscience in Saudi Arabia increases to 2,613

US always has a political bias against Muslims, says Minister Shireen Mazari

Pakistan Embassy commemorates Defence Day in Tehran

Run out/match ratio: Pakistan remains best fielding side in ODIs in last two years

Pakistan, UK reach agreement on repatriation of 'looted wealth'

Manzoor Pashteen, PTM leader – declared a proclaimed offender

China struggles with Belt and Road pushback

PPP warns of strong ‘resistance’ if Kalabagh dam project is revived

Yemeni forces shoot down Saudi spy drone in Jizan

Iran says Saudis, UAE turned OPEC into “tool” for US

Pakistani Student Wins Award for Improving LTE & 5G Wireless Systems

Outlawed Sipah-e-Sahaba threatens shopkeepers over Nohas in Hub city

A massive paradigm shift: US envoy claims Pakistan ready to open Afghan land route for India: US envoy

South Asia Cup: Pakistan takes on Hong Kong today

Indian army has crossed all limits of cruelty in Indian Occupied Kashmir

Mismatch between Imran Khan’s words and Punjab govt’s deeds!

New laws: Opposing Dam can be treason in Pakistan

A proactive foreign policy: Can Pakistan replace India in Afghanistan?

Iran envoy: World should take MI6's Syria plot seriously

Syrian military downs Israeli missiles fired at Damascus airport

Freedom of speech and blasphemous caricatures

Iran envoy speaks at National Defense University on Pak-Iran strategic cooperation

Malik Riaz of Bahria Town extends sincere apologies to Shia Muslims

UK legislators’ team rejects plea for Ishaq Dar’s deportation

Turkey pledges to support Pakistan on Kashmir at UN

Medical, dental colleges’ entry test on September 23

Bilateralism between India and Pakistan

Israeli forces fatally shoot three Palestinians in Gaza

Not my fault that I'm Inzamam’s nephew: Imam-ul-Haq

Saudi Arabia holds religious oppression as a normalized system of governance

Senior UAE official pays secret visit to Israel: Report

Taliban for minus Pakistan talks with US administration

Youm-e-Ali Asghar observed to commemorate Imam Hussain’s infant

Begum Kulsoom Nawaz's funeral

Un-poisoning the chalice!

World’s longest straight-line sea route connects Pakistan to Russia

CPEC: Exposed to hybrid warfare

Spain gives in to Saudi pressure to deliver 400 precision bombs

Saudi forces tear down Muharram mourning tents in Shia Qatif region

Saudi Arabia buys Israeli ‘Iron Dome’ system amid détente: Report

Syrians dodge death with air strike warning app

Four senior Shia Islamic scholars gagged as no change seen under PTI govt

Kulsoom Nawaz’s funeral prayers held in London

Mini budget Bomb: Govt to impose new taxes of Rs400bn

India beat Pakistan 3-1 to reach SAFF final

Prime Minister House to be converted into high-quality postgraduate institute: minister

Dam Mania: Can Pakistan go for Kala Bagh dam?

An old Mantra: Is US planning again to control Pakistan nukes?

India’s push on Iran's Chabahar puts US in tight corner

Pompeo appreciates Saudi respect for civilians in Yemen war, lets aid continue

Official: UAE convinced Yemen’s Saleh to ally with Houthis

Sharifs' Raiwind residence declared sub-jail as Nawaz, Maryam parole extended by three days

High security needed in Moharram due to threat of terrorism

Will Imran Khan continue support with Saudi led military coalition?

A hope for a better education system

Pompeo said US would not block Pakistan if it seeks IMF bailout: Fawad Chaudhry

PM Imran Khan forms task force on sports

At key ‘2+2’ talks, India should take US demands on Iran oil sanctions with a pinch of salt

Govt allows Nawaz Sharif, Maryam to attend Kulsoom funeral in Lahore on parole

Bus crash in India's Telangana state kills at least 53

UK urged to relax rules on foreign students

Suicide bomber kills 32 in Afghanistan’s Nangarhar province

Sindh education dept orders private schools to return extra fees

Election Commission rejects petition against renamed banned terrorist outfit PRHP

Wife of Ex-Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif passes away in London after long battle with cancer

Is ‘South Punjab’ possible?

Sarfraz wants Pakistan to post 300-plus in every Asia Cup game

Turkic Muslims: China and the Muslim world’s Achilles heel

Pakistan, China react angrily to Financial Times report on CPEC

Gen Bajwa donates Rs1bn for dam fund on military's behalf

Ahmad Shah Massoud: Legacy of Lion of Panjshir

2017-02-06 14:31:51

Is USA's structural power galvanising Pakistan-Russia

 

In politics, there are no permanent friends or enemies, only permanent interests’

This famous saying rightly depicts the on-going situation of past cold war foes and present friends: Pakistan and Russia.

 

 

The thaw between the two nuclear power countries is evident through the joint military drills ‘Druzhba-2016’ (Freindship-2016), despite India’s disapproval, and other two naval drills in 2014 and 2015 respectively. Moreover, Kremlin’s uplifting of the arms embargo act and further agreement of selling Mi 35 helicopters to Pakistan worth $153 million which we will get in 2017.

 

 

Besides this, Islamabad and Moscow are in the process of finalising a military deal that includes the sale of Su-35 fighter jets. These developments are now seen as a significant shift in Russia’s foreign policy, to increase defence cooperation between two countries.

Apart from this, Putin supported Pakistan’s bid to join the Shangai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) in 2011 which was earlier repudiated by him in 2010.

 

 

 

Visit of the Russian president is also expected in May to inaugurate the $2 billion LNG North-South Pipeline Project. Recent overtures of events between cold war foes are the significant paradigm shift and of course, it is due to reasons; firstly, Moscow’s aversion to India’s proclivity towards America and second important factor is China’s strong alliance with Pakistan.

 

 

Thus, as the neo-realist states that balance of power is indispensable to avoid aggression, therefore, alliances are imperative to maintain a balance of terror among states.

However, normalize relations between two countries was not seen in the past.Historically, the relation between two past antagonists had been hostile and unfriendly. This was apparent as we joined the US-led block and USSR, on the other hand, leaned towards India.

 

 

 

USSR and Pakistan established their diplomatic ties in 1948.It is believed that since its inception, Liaquat Ali khan tilted foreign policy of the country towards the USA by preferring its visit over USSR. However, Russian visit was accepted but not materialized due to some reasons. It is the fact that USA was preferred by our pro-western politicians for military and financial aid (which was dire need of the hour), as Russian economy was recovering from WW2 loses.

 

 

As aid comes with strings attached, US initially added $0.77 million in our national exchequer for economic assistance in 1948, according toWren ElhaiWashington-based Center forGlobal Development (CGD)and in return, of course, we had to contribute to safeguarding its capitalist structure. While on the other hand, Soviet Uniondeveloped strong strategic, military, economic and diplomatic relationship with India. Besides this, India is the second largest market for Russian defence industry.

 

 

In 1950’s, Pakistan became a staunch supporter of US by signingSEATOin 1954,CENTOin 1955 and in 1960 U2 plane incident which further deteriorated already tense relation of Russia and Pakistan.

 

 

 

While the Soviet Union supported India over Kashmir issue even vetoing the Kashmir resolutions in favor of India. USSR tilted towards India in 1965 war and signed Indo–Soviet Treaty of Peace, Friendship, and Cooperation in 1971 lending its support to India which further separated East Pakistan.

 

 

Finally, the Moscow’s intervention in Afghanistan, as some have claimed, originally part of a grand design to seize oil fields and warm water ports in the Persian Gulf region. In order to counter Soviet occupation, Operation Cyclonewas launched by CIA with the help of Pakistan to arm and finance Mujahideenin Afghanistan. The Mujahideen with external support disbanded the Soviet Union which further marked the end of Communism.

 

 

So, both the foes had to depend on each other’s rivals to maintain the balance of power.

However, the scenario is quite different now geostrategic relations are rapidly changing in South Asia. India and the US are fortifying defense and enhancing trade ties amid growing concerns about China’s assertiveness in the region, particularly in the disputed region the South China Sea. On the other side, former Cold war allies, Islamabad and Washington are drifting away from each other.

 

 

It is important for Pakistan to develop effective diplomatic ties and diversify international relations with other states. Russia is an influential state to be friend with but the relationship should be based on relative gains. Foreign policy must be aligned with national interest as well as national security, based on these fundamentals of diplomacy we should balance relations with America too and also endeavor to make relations more cordial with states.

Waleed Ahmed

pk.shafaqna.com

 

Categories:  
Tags:   pakistan ، China ، US ، Afghanistan ، Cold war ، russsia ،
From other agencies (RSS Reader)