In disunity, Islam’s heritage has been claimed by fanaticism
Video     Photos     Pakistan     World     Islam     Health     Crime     Islamic News     Business     Society     India     Travel     Middle East     Sport     sci/tech      Contact      RSS
Search

Doctors Without Borders: Myanmar Military Killed Over 700 Rohingya Children

France ‘has no plan’ to move embassy to Al Quds (Jerusalem)

Can PTI survive without Jhangir Tareen?

Facts about rise of ISIS in Afghanistan

How some Umrah pilgrims bring bad name to Pakistan

Why is Russia withdrawing from Syria?

Eight killed in attack on Quetta's Bethel Memorial Methodist Church

Who is Raza Mehmood Khan?

Shafaqna Insight: Can Pakistan persuade US to reverse decision on Jerusalem?

Saudi military ineffective force despite colossal budget: Report

UNSC to vote on resolution aimed at nullifying Trump's Jerusalem al-Quds move

ISIS terrorists obtained US, Saudi Arabia weapons

UN official rejected Haley’s ‘Irrefutable Evidence’ that Iran is arming rebels in Yemen

Fall of Dhaka: How Mukti Bahini ‘cleansed’ Santahar town of non-Bengalis

US game plan: Is Pakistan going to disintegrate?

Bombed into famine: How Saudi air campaign targets Yemen’s food supplies

Appeasing Trump and Israel: How Saudia made OIC meeting an utter failure?

Jahangir Tareen’s disqualification: Is this what Imran Khan wanted?

China backs state of Palestine with East Al-Quds as Capital

Why is Govt keeping Saudi-led coalition's ToRs secrete?

Pakistan for sale: Is World Bank taking over Pakistan’s natural sources?

Democrats need many GOP senators to vote for Trump’s removal: Analyst

US signals Western Wall has to be part of Israel

Where will be ISIS in 2018? Iran says Afghanistan and Pakistan are next

EU rebuffs Netanyahu’s call for recognizing Al-Quds as Israeli Capital

Israel, India move closer with easing of visa restrictions

Prominent South African university boycotts Israeli regime

Imran Khan cleared: Jhangir Tareen disqualified by the Supreme Court

Why did some Arab leaders avoid the OIC meeting?

Billions ‘wiped off’ Al-Waleed’s fortune following his arrest

Would release of Ahsan Ullah Ahsan send a negative message about Pakistan’s war against terror?

Strategic pact with Saudia: Pushing Pakistan into new chaos

Saudi hostility with Qatar taking toll on ordinary people: Amnesty

Yemen’s Pro-Saleh Faction, Houthis Make a Deal to End Dispute

Malaysia party calls for boycott of Israel products

70% of Palestinians want Abbas to resign immediately

Terrorist attacks will increase in the United States

OIC to shun Western countries: Is it a dream?

Fugitive Daesh terrorists keen on moving to Afghanistan: Official

Pakistan army chief meets Palestinian ambassador assures support

Banned ASWJ ringleader continues to run campaign in PS-128

Shafaqna analysis: Why is PML-N risking entire party for Rana Sanaullah?

In a shambles: Is China showing true colors to Pakistan?

Iran FM calls for collective intl. efforts to end Yemen nightmare

OIC recognizes East Jerusalem al-Quds as Palestine's capital

From Shameless to shameful: Trump’s debacle on Jerusalem is also Obama’s failure

Bahrain delegation’s visit to Israel: Why now and for what purpose?

One-third of Israelis live in poverty, reveals new report

Would Chahbhar bring Pakistan, Iran together?

On a tight rope: Why Pakistan has failed to bridge Saudi-Iran difference?

What does Indian inclusion in China’s one belt one road mean for Pakistan?

Daesh-Allied ASWJ terrorist killed in Syria, body shifted to Karachi

Malaysia says army is ‘ready’ for signal on Jerusalem

UK: “20,000 Muslim Terrorist Suspects

Reports of sexual offenses rise by 10 percent in Israeli army

Turkish FM slams Arab’s weak response to US al-Quds decision

Qatar purchases 24 Typhoon warplanes from UK as tensions with Saudis increase

Threat to Chinese citizens: Is it new plan to sabotage CPEC?

Egypt journalists: ‘Sorry Palestine, we are governed by a Zionist’

Is the Chapter of Shahbaz Sharif over in Punjab?

Gaza protests against Bahrain delegation in Jerusalem

Pro-Saudi, Pakistan anchor defends US policy on Jerusalem

Fall of Takht.e.Lahore: Can Nawaz Sharif stop crumbling PML-N?

Is Pakistan interfering in Indian politics?

Israel terrorist, kid-killer regime: Turkish President

Iran to embrace Saudi if it cuts Israel ties, stops bombing Yemen

India arrests French journalist for filming Kashmir protests

21 Rohingya women recall rape horrors perpetrated by Myanmar security forces

Afghan Parliament demands severing ties with US over Al-Quds decision

Makkah and Madinah imams silent on Jerusalem in Friday sermons

New York 'bomb' prematurely exploded at Manhattan subway platform

Disclosure of events behind Sad-Hussein’s Sudden Resignation in Riyadh

Bahraini king sends delegation to Israel for 'peace': Paper

Intercepted ISIS Message Reveals Threat to Attack London Over Christmas

A great financial mess: The financial crisis behind PML-N

The US Secretary of State Calls again for Regime change in Iran

Saudi orders media to limit coverage of Trump’s decision on Jerusalem

Shafaqna special: Is Qadri misleading PTI and PPP?

Can Pakistan really shoot down US drones?

End of nuclear weapons or end of us; choice is ours: Anti-nuclear weapons group ICAN

Gazans burn photos of Saudi king, crown prince

5 PML-N lawmakers announce resignation protesting inaction against Rana Sanaullah

Pope Francis Wants To Revise Lord’s Prayer To Include Satan

India’s dangerous game plan:  Labeling Kashmir uprising as ISIS terrorism

Alliance under Qadri — there is many a slip…

US closes embassy in Tunis

Saudi Foreign Minister replaced by Crown Prince’s brother

Why is the world standing against US recognition of Jerusalem as Israeli capital?

Would Hammad Siddiqui’s arrest change political face of Karachi?

With Javed Hashmi in: What is PML-N’s anti-establishment plan?

Pakistan is part of our heart: Iranian ambassador

Riyadh advancing Israeli interests, Palestinian officials worry

Attacker ranting about ‘love jihad’ axes, burns Muslim man in India, records it on video

Israel TV: Saudi Arabia, Egypt gave Trump green light regarding Jerusalem

No More US colony: Did US fail to pressurize Pakistan?

Daesh terrorist arrested for abetting escape of LeJ terrorists from Karachi jail

ISIS Dream of a Caliphate Is Over

Muslim world needs another intifada in defense of Quds: Tehran conference

Zardari’s master plan: Did Imran Khan loose Tahir ul Qadri?

Did Saudia make a secret deal with US for embassy shift?

2016-12-05 22:21:56

In disunity, Islam’s heritage has been claimed by fanaticism

5322By Catherine Shakdam*

 If the last prophet of Islam: Muhammad ibn Abdullah managed through his lifetime to overcome great many enemies and pitfalls … many were those who wished to silence his voice and disappear his message, it is towards the end that his greatest battle would be fought.

I would personally argue that Islam’s deadliest of enemies were never those who wielded the sword, but rather those who worked to strip Islam’s message away from its concept and pervert truths into manipulations.

While Islam was sent as a last reaffirmation and restoration of the Word of God, Islam as a faith never stood immune from the poison of reformation, fabrication, and overall redaction …. And though the Quran remains forever protected in its text, its interpretation and the application communities have made of its tenets have sadly not. As always, the perfected Word has been played by tyrants’ hands to fit within their vindictive narrative, thus negating those principles the Prophet Muhammad breathed into existence through his tradition: his Sunna.

It is his Sunna today which remains a matter of deep contention and tension. It is regrettably men’s self-proclaimed righteous interpretation of the prophet Muhammad’s tradition, and their right to interpret it which to this day have torn the fabric of Islam apart and allowed for fanaticism to grab hold.

I will offer this: righteousness is not anyone’s ground to claim – only a virtue to strive for. If we are perfectly honest this old argument over whose and what tradition stands truer to that of the prophet Muhammad’s is often debated not out of concern for one’s piety, but instead one’s arrogant need to be proven right.

If we consider that there is a battle raging within our soul, and bearing in mind what is truly at stake, maybe we ought to consider the nature of our disagreements and realise that if there is indeed an argument to be had it is for our salvation.  Being right is beside the point. Being true however is a virtue of Islam.

Much of Islam’s disagreement lies with the completion of Islam, and what scholars have considered the prophet Muhammad’s testament to be. I am not just referring to the issue of leadership – it is much more complicated than that. By testament I mean the prophet’s religious legacy – Islam as the living manifestation of God’s Will, the embodiment of Divine Command through the act of prophethood and ultimately Custodianship.

Since I am not a scholar of Islam I will refer to History and what History recorded of the last days of the Prophet Muhammad as such a study offers objectivity through factual observation.

It is the year 10 AH[1], and the prophet had just completed what would be his last Hajj pilgrimage. It was then, some twenty years after the first revelation, that Islam was made complete with the following verses: “O Messenger! Deliver what has been revealed to you from your Lord; and if you do it not, then you have not delivered His message, and Allah will protect you from the people; surely Allah will not guide the unbelieving people.” (Quran 5:67)

What was this message of such paramount importance that should the prophet had failed in delivering it Islam would have been negated as a whole?

This message was more than another recitation as it would come as a testimony of allegiance: the Oath of Ghadeer.

Al-Nasa’i in Kitabul Khasa’is narrates a tradition from Zaid ibn al-Arqam on the authority of Abu al-Tufail:

“Returning from the Farewell Pilgrimage, the Prophet camped at Ghadeer Khum. He ordered a pulpit to be made for him. Once the pulpit had been made, he graced it and said, “I have been called back by the Lord, and I have submitted to His orders. Now I leave among you two valuable things, one of them is the Quran and the other is my progeny. These shall not separate from each other till they meet me together at the Kawthar in Heaven; therefore, be careful and guard yourselves in your dealings with the Quran and with my progeny after me.” Then the Prophet added, “Hearken! Allah is my Master, and I am the master of the believers.” Then he raised Ali’s hand and said, “‘Ali is the Master of whoever accepts me as his master. O Lord! Befriend whoever befriends ‘Ali and alienate Yourself from whoever alienates Ali! “”[2]

While there have been many contradictive narrations arguing the factual veracity of the Oath of Ghadeer, history is adamant: it did took place. Numerous accounts on Ghadeer can be found in the books of Ahle Sunnah.

Zia-ud-din Maqbooli, a reputed Sunni scholar said, “If we are not willing to accept the tradition of Ghadeer as established and indisputable, then we’ll have to certainly believe that no other incident has ever transpired in Islam.”[3]

After Ghadeer, the prophet returned to Medina. Soon after he fell ill …

As death drew near, the Prophet Muhammad, tradition reads, called upon his daughter Fatimah to bring the members of the House to his bed.

It is stated in Rawdatul-ahbab that the Prophet said to Fatimah, “Bring your sons to me.” Fatimah brought Hassan and Hussain to the Prophet. Both of them greeted the Prophet, sat by his side and wept at witnessing the agony of the Prophet in such a manner that the people who saw them weeping could not hold their tears. Hassan rested his face upon the Prophet’s face and Hussain rested his head upon the Prophet’s chest.

The Prophet opened his eyes and kissed his grandsons lovingly, enjoining the people to love and respect them. In another tradition, it is stated that the companions who were present there, having seen Hassan and Hussain weep, wept so loudly that the Prophet himself could not hold his tears at their grief. Then he said, “Call my beloved brother ‘Ali to me.” ‘Ali came in and sat near the head of the Prophet. When the Prophet lifted his head, ‘Ali moved to the side and, holding the Prophet’s head, he rested it, on his own lap. The Prophet then said:

 “O Ali! I have taken a certain amount from so and so for the expenditure on Usamah’s army. See that you repay it. And, O Ali! You will be the first person to reach me at the heavenly reservoir of al-Kawthar. You will also be given a lot of trouble after my death. You should bear it patiently and when you see that the people prefer the lust of this world, you should prefer the hereafter.”

 

“O people! There has come to you an admonition from your Lord which is a healing for what is in the hearts, and a guidance and mercy for the believers.” – Quran, 10:57

 

Why does this matter?

If you consider that everything the prophet did and say was a religious act, then we must consider the religious significance of both Ghadeer and the status AhlulBayt were given upon the prophet’s death.

It is essential we understand also that whatever dispute arose following the death of the Prophet Muhammad was not born from competing political discourses but an imperious need to abide by the prophet’s tradition, the expression of His will. The Prophet Muhammad was rather clear when he said: “Now I leave among you two valuable things, one of them is the Quran and the other is my progeny. These shall not separate from each other till they meet me together at the Kawthar in Heaven; therefore, be careful and guard yourselves in your dealings with the Quran and with my progeny after me.”

Unity in Islam is in fact in the completion of the tradition of the prophet. Only then can Islam act a rampart against fanaticism, bigotry and falsehood. In disunity Islam has been used by tyrants and zealots to bring about NOT liberation but slavery and butchery. In disunity Muslims have stood NOT as brothers but sworn enemies. In disunity Islam’s heritage has been claimed by fanaticism and all links to the House of the prophet almost disappeared.

The real question we should consider is therefore: have we hold on to the rope of Allah?

If the prophet of Islam, Muhammad ibn Abdullah passed away he did not leave his community without guidance, he did not, as it has been theorised, omit to carry a will. And though one could always argue that his legacy is that of prophethood it would be denying divine order to imagine Guidance would be offered without Custodianship.

From the first prophet to the last, the Word of God always saw appointed a rightful Guardian of the Tradition. And just as the verses of the Quran cannot be divorced from the entirety of the text – Muhammad ibn Abdullah’s prophethood should not be divorced from that of all prophets. Today slander has been used as a religious argument – a mean to castigate never to elevate, so that communities would learn to live in distrust and mistrust of one another. Islam surely is worth more than our pettiness.

 

 

 

 

 


[1] AH the Latin for “Anno Hegirae” which means emigration. It is a reference to the first Islamic year beginning in 622 AD. It marks the emigration of the Prophet Muhammad from Mecca to Medina, known as the Hijra.

 

[2] The Holy Prophet – By Sayyid Saeed Akhtar Rizvi

[3] Al Ghadeer – vol. 1, page 307

 

 

 

* Catherine Shakdam is a political analyst, writer and commentator for the Middle East with a special focus on radical movements. The Director of Programs at the Shafaqna Institute for Middle Eastern Studies, Catherine is also the co-founder of Veritas Consulting.

Categories:   Society ،
From other agencies (RSS Reader)